Kalaupapa National Historical Park, Molokai
Name: Kalaupapa National Historical Park
What: Historic site accessible by scenic mule ride
- Where: On the northern tip of Molokai
It's quiet as you ride on your mule along the 4.6-kilometre trail to Kalaupapa Peninsula. You would be speechless too riding along sheer cliffs overlooking the Pacific, descending from 520 metres and with Molokai’s North Shore Pali just to the east - the tallest sea cliffs in the world as recorded by the Guinness Book of World Records, measuring 1,100 to 1,200 metres.
Nearly five kilometres, 26 hairpin turns and 90 minutes of magnificent views later and you're back to sea level in the historic town of Kalaupapa, one of the most remote settlements in Hawaii. It's scenic, isolated and peaceful here, but the story of Kalaupapa National Historical Park is even more compelling.
This special community was once home to Belgian missionary Saint Damien, and later, to Saint Marianne Cope. In 1873, Father Damien chose to leave the “outside world” to care for Hawaii’s Hansen’s disease victims who were exiled to this isolated peninsula. After 16 years of faithful service, he too, tragically succumbed to the disease and was laid to rest at historic St. Philomena Roman Catholic Church in Kalaupapa where you can visit his grave. In October of 2009, Father Damien was canonized as a saint for his selfless dedication.
A few months before the death of Father Damien, a woman of extraordinary spirit joined him in Kalaupapa. Mother Marianne Cope had been the head of her religious order and an accomplished hospital administrator at the St. Joseph's Hospital in N.Y., and in Hawaii, she oversaw several hospitals and care homes. She and her Franciscan sisters volunteered to live out their lives in the exiled community, operating the Boy's Home established by Father Damien and the Bishop Home for Girls. The beloved Mother died in 1918 of natural causes and was buried on the grounds of the Bishop Home in Kalaupapa.
Mother Marianne was canonised on October 21, 2012. Her remains were returned to Syracuse in 2005. Today, her bronze statue overlooks the ocean at Kewalo Basin Park in Honolulu.
You can also view Kalaupapa Peninsula from the 300-metre elevation of Palaau State Park. This 14-hectare recreation area offers winding trails among eucalyptus and ironwood trees as well as breathtaking views of Molokai’s north coast.
This serene National Park is a place of preservation and education and is only accessible by mule ride, hiking tour or aeroplane from the small commuter Kalaupapa Airport (LUP). Kalaupapa cannot be reached by car. To take a Kalaupapa tour, make a reservation in advance with Damien Tours, (808) 567-6171. For mule ride information, call Kalaupapa Mule Tour at (800) 567-7550, (808) 567-6088.