Hawaii Regional Cuisine
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Cuisine of Hawaii
It’s been said that a melting pot is not the most accurate way to describe Hawaii’s multiethnic population. It’s more like a stew, where all the flavors complement and influence one another but the ingredients retain their richness and integrity instead of melting into an even sameness. Nothing tells the story of arrival, intermingling and reinvention of cultural traditions on the islands as deliciously as the variety of cuisines that make Hawaii a foodie wonderland. It all starts with Hawaii’s first people, the Native Hawaiians.
Stewards of an island chain in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, Native Hawaiians knew how to live sustainably. They partitioned segments of each island into ahupuaa (land divisions), where people were given the responsibility and privilege to manage the resources in their portion of the mountains, lowlands or ocean. The Hawaiians had a genius for engineering, constructing vast irrigation systems to supply water to terraced farms. They grew the “canoe crops” the first Hawaiians brought with them to the islands, including kalo (taro), uala (sweet potato), maia (banana), ko (sugarcane) and ulu (breadfruit). The ocean provided a variety of fish, but it was the Hawaiians’ innovative construction of massive fishponds that allowed them to manage a constant supply. These were all standard ingredients in a simple Hawaiian meal, and many of them appear on menus in classical as well as new, fanciful renditions as chefs pay homage to the original cuisine of the islands.
The Birth of “Local” Food
Beginning in 1778, whalers, missionaries and traders arrived in Hawaii, bringing cuisine from their homelands with them. Then, in 1852, waves of contract laborers started to come to Hawaii to work on the sugar plantations. They brought with them traditional recipes and unique blends of ingredients from China, Japan, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Okinawa and the Philippine Islands.
It was only a matter of time before the culinary creations of these cohabitating cultures would interact with each other, exemplified in dishes that are now called “local,” such as a plate lunch of hot dog chow fun, macaroni salad and kimchi. These uniquely local combinations are undeniably comfort foods, even for diners who did not grow up eating them.
Hawaii Regional Cuisine
Following Statehood and World War II, Hawaii’s visitor numbers grew, along with its hotel accommodations. Restaurants that catered to visitors used food that was shipped from elsewhere over long distances, and their menus copied American recipes, leading to unmemorable meals and negative perceptions about Hawaii’s food scene. It wasn’t until 1991 that a group of 12 Hawaii chefs got together to change everything.
A food revolution, Hawaii Regional Cuisine was started by chefs Sam Choy, Philippe Padovani, Roger Dikon, Gary Strehl, Roy Yamaguchi, Amy Ferguson Ota, Jean-Marie Josselin, George Mavrothalassitis, Beverly Gannon, Peter Ellman, Peter Merriman and Alan Wong. Their vision was to put Hawaii on the map as a major culinary destination. Their approach was to build a network of farmers and ranchers they could source from, combining locally grown food with ethnic flavors already present in Hawaii for a grand fusion of the islands’ unique resources: a pristine environment and a colorful array of cultures. Their revolution was a stunning success.
Now almost 30 years later, Hawaii’s restaurants source many of their ingredients within the islands. Cattle raised on the upland pastures of Hawaii Island, fruits and vegetables grown from rich, volcanic soil in Upcountry Maui, some of the highest quality fish in the world, Waialua chocolate, and hearts of palm, and of course the foundational canoe crops brought by the Native Hawaiians.
The Roots of Regional Cuisine
Oahu native Mark Noguchi is an Executive Chef for Pili Group, a catering company that works closely with the community and local farmers.More
Brandon Baptiste uses his culinary training to put a new spin on shave ice at Wailua Shave Ice on the island of Kauai.More
Chef Sheldon Simeon and Brandon Lee, give us a taste of authentic, local, farm to table, cuisine in Hilo on the Island of Hawaii.More
Beyond raising standards and making Hawaii a culinary hot spot, Hawaii Regional Cuisine also set up the islands for the farm-to-table movement that hit next. Creating an even stronger emphasis on the importance of sourcing ingredients locally, the new wave of chefs embraced authenticity, using the power of food to bring people together to learn about and share the stories of their heritage. The icons of this new movement, such as Lee Anne Wong, Ed Kenney and Sheldon Simeon, are pioneering unconventional fusions of diverse traditions, high-brow and low-brow dishes, and classic and cutting edge techniques. They continue to reflect and renew the grand story of Hawaii’s incredible, incomparable food history.
Next-gen restaurants to try: Koko Head Café by Lee Anne Wong, Mahina & Sun’s and Town by Ed Kenney, Tin Roof Café and Lineage by Sheldon Simeon, The Pig and the Lady by Andrew Le, Wailua Shave Ice by Brandon Baptiste.
Explore Restaurants by Island
From funky North Shore food trucks to the world-class culinary mecca of Honolulu, Oahu is truly paradise for foodies. True to its nickname, The Gathering Place, Oahu’s dining scene combines diverse global influences with locally grown ingredients, creating a melting pot of flavors you won’t find anywhere else.More
With a moniker like "The Garden Island," it's no surprise the restaurants and sunshine markets of Kauai are bursting with local fruits and veggies. On this laid-back island, you can keep it casual at poke joints, dress up for a high-end meal or ride your bike to Hawaii originals like Lappert’s Ice Cream in Hanapepe or Poipu.More
Lanai may be small, but the fine dining offered at resorts like the Four Seasons Lanai will dazzle even the most refined palates. In downtown Lanai City, explore quaint cafés or peruse the Saturday farmers market at Dole Park for pineapples, lilikoi (passion fruit) and other local treats.More
Roadside farm stands, mom-and-pop shops serving Maui’s signature banana bread and outstanding resort restaurants are among the diverse dining choices on the Valley Isle. See where it all comes from in lush Upcountry Maui, where you can visit farms, ranches and wineries in Kula and other towns.More
On the island of Hawaii, the food is as diverse as the terrain. Sip your way through the coffee plantations that make the Kona region famous; snack on sweet treats from shave ice and mochi shops in Hilo; or feast on Hawaii Regional Cuisine at acclaimed restaurants like Merriman’s in Kamuela.More
Eat like a real Hawaiian on Molokai, where many locals still fish for their dinner off the Kaunakakai pier, and lining up at the back door of Kanemitsu’s Bakery for piping-hot bread is a nightly ritual. Don’t miss the chance to devour one of Molokai’s freshly-plucked coconuts, which you can even mail home!More